Title:Different Susceptibility of B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) and BNP Precursor (proBNP) to Cleavage by Neprilysin: The N-Terminal Part Does Matter.
Authors:Semenov AG; Katrukha AG
Publication:Clin Chem. 2016 Apr;62(4):617-22. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2016.254524. Epub 2016 Feb 10.
BACKGROUND: Protease neprilysin is known to be responsible for the degradation of natriuretic peptides. A recent heart failure (HF) drug, LCZ696 (Entresto(TM)), that combines a neprilysin inhibitor and an angiotensin II receptor inhibitor was suggested to augment circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations, making the results of BNP measurements diagnostically ambiguous. Because the main form of measured BNP in HF patients is represented by its uncleaved precursor, proBNP, it is important to know the susceptibility of proBNP to cleavage by neprilysin. METHODS: BNP 1-32 and nonglycosylated and glycosylated forms of proBNP 1-108 were incubated with neprilysin for different time periods. BNP immunoreactivity was analyzed using 2 sandwich immunoassays: one utilizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) KY-BNP-II (epitope 14-21) as capture with mAb 50E1 (epitope 26-32) for detection and a single-epitope sandwich BNP (SES-BNP) immunoassay specific to the epitope 11-17. Mass-spectrometry was applied to determine the sites of BNP cleavage. RESULTS: In contrast to BNP, both forms of proBNP were resistant to degradation by neprilysin. The SES-BNP assay was much less susceptible to the BNP cleavage by neprilysin compared with the immunoassay utilizing antibodies specific to the region 14-21, comprising the site Arg17-Ile18, known as the site of BNP cleavage by neprilysin. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that modulation of neprilysin activity by specific inhibitors may not greatly influence the circulating concentrations of immunoreactive BNP, mostly represented in HF by proBNP, which is not susceptible to neprilysin. The different susceptibility of the BNP regions to neprilysin-dependent degradation highlights the importance of the choice of epitopes for reliable BNP immunodetection.