Title:Heterooligomeric complexes of human small heat shock proteins.
Authors:Mymrikov EV; Seit-Nebi AS; Gusev NB
Publication:Cell Stress Chaperones. 2012 Mar;17(2):157-69. doi: 10.1007/s12192-011-0296-0. Epub 2011 Oct 17.
Oligomeric association of human small heat shock proteins HspB1, HspB5, HspB6 and HspB8 was analyzed by means of size-exclusion chromatography, analytical ultracentrifugation and chemical cross-linking. Wild-type HspB1 and Cys mutants of HspB5, HspB6 and HspB8 containing a single Cys residue in position homologous to that of Cys137 of human HspB1 were able to generate heterodimers cross-linked by disulfide bond. Cross-linked heterodimers between HspB1/HspB5, HspB1/HspB6 and HspB5/HspB6 were easily produced upon mixing, whereas formation of any heterodimers with participation of HspB8 was significantly less efficient. The size of heterooligomers formed by HspB1/HspB6 and HspB5/HspB6 was different from the size of the corresponding homooligomers. Disulfide cross-linked homodimers of small heat shock proteins were unable to participate in heterooligomer formation. Thus, monomers can be involved in subunit exchange leading to heterooligomer formation and restriction of flexibility induced by disulfide cross-linking prevents subunit exchange.