Title:Paracoccus denitrificans proton-translocating ATPase: kinetics of oxidative phosphorylation.
Authors:Kegyarikova KA; Zharova TV; Vinogradov AD
Publication:Biochemistry (Mosc). 2010 Oct;75(10):1264-71.
The initial rates of ATP synthesis catalyzed by tightly coupled Paracoccus denitrificans plasma membrane were measured. The reaction rate was hyperbolically dependent on the substrates, ADP and inorganic phosphate (P(i)). Apparent K(m) values for ADP and P(i) were 7-11 and 60-120 microM, respectively, at saturating concentration of the second substrate (pH 8.0, saturating Mg(2)(+)). These values were dependent on coupling efficiency. The substrate binding in the ATP synthesis reaction proceeds randomly: K(m) value for a given substrate was independent of the concentration of the other one. A decrease of electrochemical proton gradient by the addition of malonate (when succinate served as the respiratory substrate) or by a decrease of steady-state level of NADH (when NADH served as the respiratory substrate) resulted in a proportional decrease of the maximal rates and apparent K(m) values for ADP and P(i) (double substitution, ping-pong mechanism). The kinetic scheme for ATP synthesis was compared with that described previously for the proton-translocating ATP hydrolysis catalyzed by the same enzyme preparation (T. V. Zharova and A. D. Vinogradov (2006) Biochemistry, 45, 14552-14558).