Title:Death of ouabain-treated renal epithelial cells: evidence for p38 MAPK-mediated Na (i) (+) /K (i) (+) -independent signaling.
Authors:Akimova OA; Lopina OD; Rubtsov AM; Gekle M; Tremblay J; Hamet P; Orlov SN
Publication:Apoptosis. 2009 Nov;14(11):1266-73. doi: 10.1007/s10495-009-0404-0.
Recent studies demonstrate that cytotoxic actions of ouabain and other cardiotonic steroids (CTS) on renal epithelial cells (REC) are triggered by their interaction with the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit but not the result of inhibition of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase-mediated ion fluxes and inversion of the [Na(+)](i)/[K(+)](i) ratio. This study examined the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in the death of ouabain-treated REC. Exposure of C7-MDCK cells that resembled principal cells from canine kidney to 3 microM ouabain led to phosphorylation of p38 without significant impact on phosphorylation of ERK and JNK MAPK. Maximal increment of p38 phosphorylation was observed at 4 h followed by cell death at 12 h of ouabain addition. In contrast to ouabain, neither cell death nor p38 MAPK phosphorylation were affected by elevation of the [Na(+)](i)/[K(+)](i) ratio triggered by Na(+),K(+)-ATPase inhibition in K(+)-free medium. p38 phosphorylation was noted in all other cell types exhibiting death in the presence of ouabain, such as intercalated cells from canine kidney and human colon rectal carcinoma cells. We did not observe any action of ouabain on p38 phosphorylation in ouabain-resistant smooth muscle cells from rat aorta and endothelial cells from human umbilical vein. Both p38 phosphorylation and death of ouabain-treated C7-MDCK cells were suppressed by p38 inhibitor SB 202190 but were resistant to its inactive analogue SB 202474. Our results demonstrate that death of CTS-treated REC is triggered by Na (i) (+) ,K (i) (+) -independent activation of p38 MAPK.