Article

Title:Effect of mutations in the beta5-beta7 loop on the structure and properties of human small heat shock protein HSP22 (HspB8, H11).
Authors:Kasakov AS; Bukach OV; Seit-Nebi AS; Marston SB; Gusev NB
Publication:FEBS J. 2007 Nov;274(21):5628-42. Epub 2007 Oct 8.
PubmedID17922839
Abstract
The human genome encodes ten different small heat shock proteins, each of which contains the so-called alpha-crystallin domain consisting of 80-100 residues and located in the C-terminal part of the molecule. The alpha-crystallin domain consists of six or seven beta-strands connected by different size loops and combined in two beta-sheets. Mutations in the loop connecting the beta5 and beta7 strands and conservative residues of beta7 in alphaA-, alphaB-crystallin and HSP27 correlate with the development of different congenital diseases. To understand the role of this part of molecule in the structure and function of small heat shock proteins, we mutated two highly conservative residues (K137 and K141) of human HSP22 and investigated the properties of the K137E and K137,141E mutants. These mutations lead to a decrease in intrinsic Trp fluorescence and the double mutation decreased fluorescence resonance energy transfer from Trp to bis-ANS bound to HSP22. Mutations K137E and especially K137,141E lead to an increase in unordered structure in HSP22 and increased susceptibility to trypsinolysis. Both mutations decreased the probability of dissociation of small oligomers of HSP22, and mutation K137E increased the probability of HSP22 crosslinking. The wild-type HSP22 possessed higher chaperone-like activity than their mutants when insulin or rhodanase were used as the model substrates. Because conservative Lys residues located in the beta5-beta7 loop and in the beta7 strand appear to play an important role in the structure and properties of HSP22, mutations in this part of the small heat shock protein molecule might have a deleterious effect and often correlate with the development of different congenital diseases.