Article

Title:Requirement of medium ADP for the steady-state hydrolysis of ATP by the proton-translocating Paracoccus denitrificans Fo.F1-ATP synthase.
Authors:Zharova TV; Vinogradov AD
Publication:Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 May-Jun;1757(5-6):304-10. Epub 2006 Mar 31.
PubmedID16730637
Abstract
Fo.F1-ATP synthase in inside-out coupled vesicles derived from Paracoccus denitrificans catalyzes Pi-dependent proton-translocating ATPase reaction if exposed to prior energization that relieves ADP.Mg2+ -induced inhibition (Zharova, T.V. and Vinogradov, A.D. (2004) J. Biol. Chem.,279, 12319-12324). Here we present evidence that the presence of medium ADP is required for the steady-state energetically self-sustained coupled ATP hydrolysis. The initial rapid ATPase activity is declined to a certain level if the reaction proceeds in the presence of the ADP-consuming, ATP-regenerating system (pyruvate kinase/phosphoenol pyruvate). The rate and extent of the enzyme de-activation are inversely proportional to the steady-state ADP concentration, which is altered by various amounts of pyruvate kinase at constant ATPase level. The half-maximal rate of stationary ATP hydrolysis is reached at an ADP concentration of 8 x 10(-6) M. The kinetic scheme is proposed explaining the requirement of the reaction products (ADP and Pi), the substrates of ATP synthesis, in the medium for proton-translocating ATP hydrolysis by P. denitrificans Fo.F1-ATP synthase.